Sulfate mineralization in a tunnel of the Pyatigorsky proval cave, North Caucasus
O.Ya. Chervyatsova, A.V. Kasatkin, N.V. Chukanov, F. Nestola
The paper reports on the results of studies of supergene sulfate mineralization found in a tunnel of the Pyatigorskiy Proval cave. The sulfate minerals include humberstonite K3Na7Mg2(SO4)6(NO3)2·6H2O, sid-eronatrite Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH)·3H2O, metasideronatrite Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH)·H2O, natrojarosite NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6, tamarugite NaAl(SO4)2·6H2O, and epsomite MgSO4·7H2O, which were identifed by electron probe micro-analysis, powder X-ray difraction and infrared spectroscopy. The presence sulfate sulfur can be related to both the oxidation of sulfde grains, which were found in some samples, and the oxidation of gaseous H2S air oxygen. Humberstonite and metasideronatrite are found for the frst time in Russia.
Keywords: sulfates, Pyatigorsky Proval cave, hypogene karst, humberstonite, sideronatrite, metasidero-natrite, natroyarosite, tamarugite, epsomite.
Received 10.11.2020, accepted 28.02.2021
MINERALOGY № 1 2020