Mineralogical-geochemical features of magnetite occurrences in serpentinites of the Kalkan area (Main Uralian fault zone, South Urals)
Chemical and mineralogical composition of magnetite occurrences from serpentinites of the Kalkan melange area of the Main Uralian Fault zone (South Urals) are studied. Abundant Cu minerals including native copper, Cu sulfdes (covellite, bornite, minerals of the chalcocite-digenite series), chlorides (nantokite), Cu carbonates and Cu silicates are found in magnetite ores. Magnetite also contains abundant inclusions of cobaltpentlandite, rare Ag and Bi sulfdes, heazlewoodite and awaruite. All magnetite occurrences host relicts of chromites, the composition of which (moderate to high Cr / (Cr + Al) values) indicates a strong depletion of a peridotite protolith, which formed in the upper mantle below a forearc basin. A two-stage formation model of magnetite occurrences is suggested. At an early stage, the disseminated magnetite with inclusions of Cu-Fe-Co sulfdes formed under the infuence of metalliferous fuids in serpentinized ultramafc rocks at the bottom of the oceanic basin. During collision, serpentinites were tectonized with the formation of small bodies of massive magnetite ores and Cu, Ag and Bi sulfdes and native minerals.
Keywords: serpentinite, ultramafc rock, ophiolites, native copper, base-metal sulfdes, magnetite, awaruite, nantokite, Main Uralian Fault.
Received 26.03.2021, accepted 16.08.2021
MINERALOGY № 3 2021